A bunion is a bony protrusion that forms at the base or side of the big toe and can gradually develop for genetic reasons. Additionally, wearing shoes that do not fit correctly may also contribute to the formation of a bunion. It appears as a deformity that can cause pain and discomfort. Some patients find mild relief when a protective pad is worn over the bunion, and it may be necessary to wear orthotics. Additionally, it can help to perform specific stretches that can strengthen the toes and surrounding muscles. If you notice a bunion is developing, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can offer treatment options, such as surgery for permanent removal.
What Is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
- Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
- Inflammatory Conditions – rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development
- Redness and inflammation
- Pain and tenderness
- Callus or corns on the bump
- Restricted motion in the big toe
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Marrero, LA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.