Bunions can develop in an individual when the big toe joint shifts out of alignment causing a bony protrusion to grow at the big toe base. Alternatively, smaller bunions, called bunionettes, may form on the side of the pinky-toe base. If you have developed bunions, a medical professional might recommend that you begin wearing shoes that are more bunion friendly. For example, instead of wearing tight, restrictive shoes, you might wear shoes with more space. Sometimes, an individual with bunions will purchase a shoe size that is a half-size larger than what they would normally wear to provide the toes with extra space and breathability. This added space might even allow the patient to wear certain orthotics. If you have a bunion, contact a podiatrist today for more information about the right footwear you should be wearing, as well as the different treatments available, to ward off this painful ailment.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Marrero, LA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.